PhD, University of British Columbia (2007)
MHSc, University of British Columbia (1999)
FCCS(C), College of Chiropractic Sciences, Canada (1989)
DC, Canadian Memorial Chiropractic College (1986)
Clinical epidemiology and evidence-based medicine; methodological issues in complementary and alternative medicine research (CAM); randomized controlled trials of CAM and nonoperative interventions for neck and back pain; health services research; validation of diagnostic tests; systematic reviews.