Michael Brauer joined the UBC faculty in 1991 in the Department of Medicine. He was an innaugural member of the Occupational Hygiene Program and served as Director of the School of Environmental Health from 2003-2008 and as as the Occupational and Environmental Health theme co-lead in SPPH from 2011-2014. He is currently Director of the Bridge Program , a strategic training fellowship program linking public health, engineering and policy. He also holds associate appointments in the Division of Respiratory Medicine and the Institute for Resources, Environment and Sustainability at UBC. Dr. Brauer received bachelor’s degrees in Biochemistry and Environmental Sciences from the University of California-Berkeley (1986) and a doctorate in Environmental Health from Harvard University (1990). He was a visiting scientist at the Institute of Environmental and Occupational Medicine at Arhus University in Denmark (1991), at the Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences at Utrecht University in The Netherlands (2000) and at the East-West Center in Hawaii, USA (2008).
His research focuses on linkages between the built environment and human health, with specific interest in transportation-related and biomass air pollution, the global health impacts of air pollution and the relationships between multiple exposures mediated by urban form (air pollution, noise, greenness) and population health. He has participated in monitoring and epidemiological studies throughout the world and served on advisory committees to the World Health Organization, the Climate and Clean Air Coalition, the US National Academy of Sciences, the Royal Society of Canada, the International Joint Commission and governments in North America and Asia. He is an Associate Editor of Environmental Health Perspectives and a member of the Core Analytic Team for the Global Burden of Disease.
Graduate Student Funding Opportunities:
CREATE-Atmospheric Aerosol Program
Awards and Recognition (selected):
§ American Lung Association, Career Investigator Award (1997).
§ American Industrial Hygiene Association, Indoor Environmental Quality Committee, Best paper award (1998)
§ Wolfe and Ghita Churg Foundation, WH Thurlbeck Prize for Research in Lung Disease (1999)
§ Michigan Industrial Hygiene Society, Best paper award (1997)
§ Medical Research Council of Canada / British Columbia Lung Association Scientist Award (1997)
§ Medical Research Council of Canada / British Columbia Lung Association Research Scholarship (1992).
§ Environmental Health Perspectives Paper of the Year (2011)
§ Environmental Science and Technology Science Paper of the Year (2012)
§ UBC Faculty of Medicine Distinguished Achievement Award for Overall Excellence (2012)
§ Asthma Society of Canada For Life and Breath Innovation in Health Research Award, (2014)
§ Asthma Society of Canada Bastable-Potts Asthma Research Prize, (2014)
§ International Society of Exposure Science Jerome J Wesolowski Award, (2015)
Current Graduate Students:
(Selected, last 3 years)
Sigsgaard T, Forsberg B, Annesi-Maesano I, Blomberg A; Bølling A, Boman C, Bønløkke J, Brauer M, Bruce N, Héroux ME, Hirvonen MR, Kelly F, Künzli N, Lundbäck B, Moshammer H, Noonan C, Pagels J, Sallsten G, Sculier JP, Brunekreef B. Health Impacts of Anthropogenic Biomass Burning in the Developed World: ERS Position Paper. European Respiratory Journal. 2015.
Sbihi H, Koehoorn M, Tamburic L, Brauer M. Greenness and incident childhood asthma: a 10 year followup in a population-based birth cohort. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 2015.
GBD 2013 Risk Factors Collaborators. Global, regional and national comparative risk assessment of 79 behavioural, environmental/occupational and metabolic risks or clusters of risks in 188 countries 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the GBD 2013. The Lancet, 2015.
Kharaol SK, Martin RV, Philip S, Boys B, Lamsal LN, Jerrett M, Brauer M, Crouse DL, McLinden C, Burnett RT. Assessment of the Magnitude and Recent Trends in Satellite-Derived Ground-Level Nitrogen Dioxide over North America. Atmospheric Environment, 2015.
Apte JS, Marshall JD, Cohen AJ, Brauer M. Addressing global mortality from ambient PM2.5. Environmental Science and Technology. 2015
Subbarao P, Anand SS, Becker AB, Befus AD, Brauer M, Brook JR, Denburg JA, HayGlass KT, Kobor MS, Kollmann TR, Kozyrskyj AL, Lou WYW, Mandhane PJ, Miller GE, Moraes TJ, Pare PD, Scott JA, Takaro TK, Turvey SE, Duncan JD, Lefebvre DL, Sears MR and the CHILD Study investigators. The Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) Study: examining developmental origins of asthma and allergy. Thorax. 2015.
GBD 2013 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence Collaborators. Global regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and YLDs for 301 acute and chronic diseases and injuries for 188 countries, 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. The Lancet. 2015
Hamra G, Laden F, Cohen AJ, Raaschou-Nielsen O, Brauer M, Loomis D. A systematic review and meta-analysis of lung cancer risk associated with nitrogen dioxide and traffic exposure. Environmental Health Perspectives, 2015
Kajbafzadeh M, Brauer M, Karlen B, Carlsten C, van Eeden S, Allen RW. The Impacts of Traffic-Related and Woodsmoke Particulate Matter on Measures of Cardiovascular Health: A HEPA Filter Intervention Study. Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2015.
Jiang X, Zhang Q, Zhao H, Geng G, Peng L, Guan D, Kan H, Huo H, Lin J, Brauer M, Martin RV, He K. Revealing the hidden health costs embodied in Chinese exports. Environmental Science and Technology. 2015.
H, Allen RW, Becker A, Brook JR, Mandhane P, Scott JA, Sears MR, Subbarao P, Takaro TK, Turvey SE, Brauer M. Perinatal exposure to traffic-related air pollution and development of atopy in a Canadian birth cohort study. Environmental Health Perspectives, 2015.
Lee CJ, Martin RV, Henze DK, Brauer M, Cohen A, van Donkelaar A. Response of global particulate-matter-related mortality to changes in local precursor emissions. Environmental Science and Technology, 2015.
Crouse DL, Peters PA, Villeneuve PJ, Proux M-O, Shin H, Goldberg MS, Johnson M, Wheeler A, Allen RW, Odwa Atari D, Jerrett M, Brauer M, Brook JR, Burnett RT. Within- and Between-city contrasts in nitrogen dioxide and mortality in 10 Canadian cities; a subset of the Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort (CanCHEC). Journal of Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology, 2015.
Takaro TK, Scott JA, Allen RW, Anand SS, Becker AB, Befus AD, Brauer M, Duncan J, Lefebvre DL, Lou W, Mandhane PJ, McLean K, Miller G, Sbihi H, Shu H, Subbarao P, Turvey SE, Wheeler AJ, Zeng L, Sears MR, Brook JR. The Canadian Healthy Infant Longitudinal Development (CHILD) birth cohort study: assessment of environmental exposures. J Exposure Science and Environmental Epidemiology. 2015.
Naghavi M, Wang H, Lozano R, Davis A, Liang X, Zhou M, Vollset SE….Brauer M, … Vos T, Lopez AD, Murray CJL. Global, regional, and national age–sex specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 240 causes of death, 1990–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. The Lancet 2014.
van Donkelaar A, Martin RV, Brauer M, Boys BL. Global fine particulate matter concentrations from satellite for long-term exposure assessment. Environmental Health Perspectives, 2014.
Snider G, Weagle CL, Martin RV, van Donkelaar A, Conrad K, Cunningham D, Gordon C, Zwicker M, Akoshile C, Artaxo P, Anh NX, Brook J, Dong J, Garland RM, Greenwald R, Griffith D, He K, Holben BN, Kahn R, Koren I, Lagrosas N, Lestari P, Ma Z, Martins JV, Quel E, Rudich Y, Salam A, Tripathi, Yu C, Zhang Q, Brauer M, Cohen A, Gibson MD,Liu Y. SPARTAN: A Global Network to Evaluate and Enhance Satellite-Based Estimates of Ground-level Particulate Matter for Global Health Applications. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, Discussion. 7: 7569–7611, 2014.
Chafe ZA, Mehta S, Brauer M, Klimont Z, van Dingenen R, Smith KR. The Proportion of Fine Particulate Ambient Air Pollution (PM2.5) Attributable to Household Fuel Use for Cooking. Environmental Health Perspectives. 2014.
Fuertes E, Söderhäll C, Acevedo N, Becker A, Brauer M, Chan-Yeung M, Nicole Dijk F, Heinrich J, de Jongste J, Koppelman GH, Postma DS, Kere J, Kozyrskyj AL, Pershagen G, Sandford A, Standl M, Tiesler CM, Waldenberger M, Westman M, Carlsten C, Melén E. Associations between the 17q21 region and allergic rhinitis in 5 birth cohorts.J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2014 Sep 24. pii: S0091-6749(14)01188-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2014.08.016.
Mehta S. Sbihi H, Dinh TN, Xuan DV, Thanh LTT, Thanh CT, Truong GL, Cohen A, Brauer M. Effect of Poverty on the Relationship between Personal Exposures and Ambient Concentrations of Air Pollutants in Ho Chi Minh City. Atmospheric Environment. 2014.
Krzyzanowski M, Apte JS, Bonjour SP, Brauer M, Cohen AJ, Prüss-Ustun AM. Air Pollution in the Mega-cities.Current Environmental Health Reports, 2014.
Fuertes E, Butland Bk, Anderson HR, Carlsten C, Strachan DP, Brauer M, and the ISAAC Phase Three study group. Associations of intermittent and persistent rhinitis prevalence with climate and vegetation: a global analysis. Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. 2014. Jul 22. pii: S1081-1206(14)00422-0. doi: 10.1016/j.anai.2014.06.021
Carlsten C, Brauer M, Brinkman FSL, Brook J, Daley D, McNagny KM, Royce D, Takaro T, Pui M, Denburg J. Harnessing Genes, the Environment and Personalized Medicine. EMBO Reports. 2014. doi: 10.15252/embr.201438480
Hystad P, Davies H, Frank LD, Van Loon J, Gehring U, Tamburic L, Brauer M. Residential Greenness and Birth Outcomes: Distinguishing Effects from Spatially Correlated Built Environment Factors. Environmental Health Perspectives, 2014.
De Roos AJ, Koehoorn M, Tamburic L, Davies H, Brauer M. Ambient air pollution, community noise, and proximity to traffic in relation to incident Rheumatoid Arthritis. Environmental Health Perspectives, 2014.
Brauer M, Hystad P. Cities and health…let me count the ways (Commentary). Epidemiology. 2014 Jul;25(4):526-7. doi: 10.1097/EDE.0000000000000110
Smith KR, Bruce N, Balakrishnan K, Adair-Rohani H, Balmes J, Chafe Z, Dherani M, Hosgood HD, Mehta S, Pope D, Rehfuess E and others in the HAP CRA Risk Expert Group (including Brauer M). Millions dead: how do we know and what does it mean? Methods used in the comparative risk assessment of household air pollution. Annu Rev Public Health. 2014 Mar 18;35:185-206. doi: 10.1146/annurev-publhealth-032013-182356
Gan W, Allen R, Brauer M, Davies H, Mancini GBJ, Lear S. Long-Term Exposure to Traffic-Related Air Pollution and Progression of Carotid Artery Atherosclerosis. BMJ Open 2014;4:e004743 doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2013-004743
Therrien S, Brauer M, Fuller D, Gauvin L, Teschke K, Winters M. Identifying the Leaders: Applying Diffusion of Innovation Theory to Use of a Public Bike Share System in Vancouver, BC. Transportation Research Record, 2014.
Burnett RT, Pope CA III, Ezzati M, Olives C, Lim SS, Mehta S, Shin H, Singh G, Hubbell B, Brauer M, Anderson HR, Smith KR, Balmes J, Bruce N, Kan H, Laden F, Pruss-Ustun A, Turner MC, Gapstur SM, Diver WR, Cohen A. An Integrated Risk Function for Estimating the Global Burden of Disease Attributable to Ambient Fine Particulate Matter Exposure. Environmental Health Perspectives, 2014. doi: 10.1289/ehp.1307049
MacIntyre EA, Brauer M, Melén E, Bauer CP, Bauer M, Berdel D, Bergström A, Brunekreef B, Chan-Yeung M, Cramer C, Fuertes E, Gehring U, Gref A, Heinrich J, Herbarth O, Kerkhof M, Koppelman GH, Kozyrskyj AL, Pershagen P, Postma DS, Thiering E, Tiesler CMT, Carlsten C for the TAG Study Group. GSTP1 and TNF Gene Variants and Associations between Air Pollution and Incident Childhood Asthma: The Traffic, Asthma and Genetics (TAG) Study. Environmental Health Perspectives, 2014. doi: 10.1289/ehp.1307459
Brauer M, Mancini GB. Where there’s smoke…(Commentary) BMJ. 2014 Jan 21;348:g40. doi: 10.1136/bmj.g40
Hystad P, Brauer M, Demers PA, Johnson KC, Setton E, Cervantes A, Poplawski K, Nicol A-M. Spatial Variation in Radon and Associated Lung Cancer Risk in Canada: Results from a Population-Based Lung Cancer Case-Control Study. Canadian Journal of Public Health, 2014 Jan 6;105(1):e4-e10
Gehring U, Tamburic L, Sbihi H, Davies HW, Brauer M. The impact of noise and air pollution exposure on pregnancy outcomes. Epidemiology. 2014; 25(3): 351-358. doi: 10.1097/EDE.0000000000000073
Saraswat A, Apte JS, Kandlikar M, Brauer M, Henderson SB, Marshall JD. Spatiotemporal land use regression models of fine, ultrafine and black carbon particulate matter in New Delhi, India. Environmental Science and Technology. 2013.
Loomis D, Lauby-Secretan B, El Ghissassi F, Bouvard V, Benbrahim-Tallaa L, Ghua N, Baan R, Mattock H on behalf of the International Agency for Research on Cancer Monograph Working Group (M. Brauer – member and Exposure sub-group Chair). The carcinogenicity of outdoor air pollution. Lancet Oncology. 2013.
Fuertes E, Standl M, Cyrys J, Berdel D, von Berg A, Bauer C-P, Hoffman B, Lehmann I, Koletzko S, Carlsten C. A longitudinal analysis of associations between traffic-related air pollution with asthma, allergies and sensitization in two German birth cohorts. Peer J 2013
Hystad P, Carpiano RM, Demers PA,Johnson KC, Brauer M. Neighbourhood socioeconomic status and individual lung cancer risk: Evaluating long-term exposure measures and mediating mechanisms. Social Science in Medicine 2013. 97:95-103.
Brauer M,Reynolds C, Hystad P. Traffic related air pollution and health in Canada. Canadian Medical Association Journal,2013.
MacIntyre E, Carlsten C, MacNutt M, Fuertes E, Melén E, Tiesler CMT, Gehring U, Krämer U, Cramer C, Kerkhof M, Chan-Yeung M, Kozyrskyj AL, Berdel D, Bauer CP, Herbarth O, Bauer M, Schaaf B, Koletzko S, Pershagen G, Brunekreef B, Heinrich J, Brauer M. Traffic, Asthma and Genetics: combining international birth cohort data to examine genetics as a mediator of traffic-related air pollution’s impact on childhood asthma. European Journal of Epidemiology. 2013.
Yao J, Henderson SB, Brauer M. Evaluation of the Bluesky smoke forecasting system and its utility for public health protection in British Columbia. Environmental Health Perspectives, 2013.
Sbihi H, Brook JR, Allen RW, Curran J, Dell S, Mandhane P, Scott J, Sears M, Subbarao P, Takaro T, Turvey S, Wheeler A, Brauer M. A new exposure metric for traffic-related air pollution? An analysis of determinants of Hopanes in settled indoor house dust. Environmental Health. 2013. 12:48
Abernethy RC, Allen RW, McKendry IG, Brauer M. A land use regression model for ultrafine particles in Vancouver, Canada. Environmental Science and Technology. 2013.
Fuertes E, Brauer M, MacIntyre E, Bauer M, Bellander T, von Berg A, Berdel D, Brunekreef B, Chan-Yeung M,Cramer C, Gehring U, Herbarth O, Hoffmann B, Kerkhof M, Koletzko S,Kozyrskyj A, Kull I, Heinrich J, Melén E, Pershagen G, Postma D, Tiesler CMT, Carlsten C for the TAG Study Group. Childhood allergic rhinitis, traffic-related air pollution, and variability in the GSTP1, TNF, TLR2 and TLR4 genes. Results from the TAG Study . Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 2013.
Gan W, Fitzgerald JM, Carlsten C, Sadatsafavi M, Brauer M. Associations of Ambient Air Pollution with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Hospitalization and Mortality. American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine. 2013. 187(7):721-7
Hystad, P., Demers, P., Johnson, K., Carpiano RM, Brauer, M. Long-term exposure to air pollution and lung cancer risk: A population-based case-control Study in Canada. Epidemiology, 2103; 24(5):762-72
Lim SS, Vos T, Flaxman AD, Danaei G, Shibuya K, …Brauer M…,Lopez AD, Murray CJL, Ezzati M. A comparative risk assessment of burden of disease and injury attributable to 67 risk factors and risk factor clusters in 21 regions, 1990–2010: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2010. The Lancet. 2012; 380(9859); 2224-2260.
Dadvand P, Parker J, Bell ML, Bonzini M, Brauer M, Darrow L, Gehring U, Glinianaia SV, Gouveia N, Ha E, Leem JH, van den Hooven EH, Jalaludin B, Jesdale BM, Lepeule J, Morello-Frosch R, Morgan GG, Pesatori AC, Pierik FH, Pless-Mulloli T, Rich DQ, Sathyanarayana S, Seo J, Slama R, Strickland M, Tamburic L, Wartenberg D, Nieuwenhuijsen M, Woodruff TJ. Maternal Exposure to Particulate Air Pollution and Fetal Growth; A Multi-Country Evaluation of Effect and Heterogeneity. Environmental Health Perspectives, 2013.
Tischer CG, Gref A, Bauer M, Bergström A, Brauer M, Carlsten C, Gehring U, Granell R, Henderson J, Kerkhof M, MacNutt M, Melén E, Standl M, Wickmann M, Heinrich J. Glutathione-S-Transferase (GST) P1, Early Exposure to Mould and Symptoms of Allergic Rhinitis in Children from 6 Birth Cohorts. A Meta-Analysis. Allergy. 2013
Winters M, Brauer M, Setton E, Teschke K. Mapping bikeability: A spatial tool to support sustainable travel. Environment and Planning B, Planning and Design. 2013
Dr. Brauer’s research emphasis is on linkages between the built environment and human health, with specific interest in transportation-related and biomass air pollution, the global health impacts of air pollution and the relationships between multiple exposures mediated by urban form (air pollution, noise, greenness) and population health. He has participated in monitoring and epidemiological studies throughout the world and served on advisory committees to the World Health Organization, the Climate and Clean Air Coalition, the US National Academy of Sciences, the Royal Society of Canada, the International Joint Commission and governments in North America and Asia. He is an Associate Editor of Environmental Health Perspectives and a member of the Core Analytic Team for the Global Burden of Disease.